Because you or anyone in your family can be at risk of suffering periodontal disease, it’s important that you understand this oral condition. With the term “peri” meaning around, and “odontal” pertaining to teeth, periodontal disease refers to the infection of all the structures surrounding the teeth. It can be in the gums, periodontal ligament, alveolar bone, and the covering of the root called cementum. Gingivitis is the earliest stage of this disease. Initial signs include bleeding and swollen gums.
The culprit behind this disease is bacteria in the plaque. A sticky substance, plaque builds up on your teeth between brushing. When there’s too much bacteria in your mouth, your immune system sends substances to defeat bacteria. These substances, however, can damage the surrounding areas of your teeth, resulting in swelling or bleeding. Periodontal disease can cause discomfort and even loosen your teeth if left untreated.
While bacteria is the main cause of the disease, there are other factors that contribute to it and can make it worse. Excellent family dental care in Greenville, SC, however, can help you lower the risk.
Based on your genetic makeup, you can be highly prone to periodontal disease. However, this doesn’t mean that you can’t prevent or treat it. Proper oral care that includes regular flossing and toothbrushing, dental checkups, and proper diet can help protect you from the ailment.
Smoking leaves tartar on your teeth, making the habit a contributing factor to periodontal disease. The longer you maintain this habit, the greater your risk of periodontal disease . Smoking can also aggravate the infection by making your gums and jaw bone weaker. To prevent further deterioration, quit smoking and follow proper oral hygiene.
Misaligned Teeth and Braces
Because of misalignment, overcrowding and dental emplacements such as braces or bridgework, it is difficult to effectively clean your teeth, subjecting you to a higher risk of plaque and tartar buildup. This increases the risk of gum disease. Excellent Greenville family dentistry, however, can teach you the right way to brush and floss despite such hurdles. There are also tools and procedures your dentist can recommend to deal with your situation.
Knowing these contributing factors will help you avoid periodontal disease and prevent an infection from spreading. Otherwise, visit your dentist regularly.
Periodontal Disease: Causes And Prevention, colgate.com
Periodontal (Gum) Disease: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments, nidcr.nih.gov